Course

P463 Astronomy and Astrophysics

Course No: 
P463
Credit: 
8
Prerequisites: 
P201 (Classical Mechanics I), P204 (Electromagnetism I) & P303 (Special Theory of Relativity)
Approval: 
UG-Elective
Syllabus: 

(42 Lectures + 14 Tutorial)Part I: Introduction and Tools1.      Tools - astronomical objects, scales, distance ladder, astrometry, magnitude scale2.      Gravity - Kepler’s law, Virial theorem3.      Radiation physics - radiative flux, transfer function, absorption, scattering and emission, Einstein coefficient, local thermodynamic equilibrium, source function and line formation, concept of opacitiesPart II: Stars1.      Stars and stellar structures - stellar spectra, HR diagram • Equilibrium in stars2.      Star formation and Protostar3.      Stellar evolution4.      Supernovae5.      Black holes and gravitational wavesPart III : Interstellar mediumPart IV: Galaxies1.      The Milky way Galaxy - distribution of matter, differential rotation, formation of the spiral arms2.      Elliptical and Spiral Galaxies3.      Evidence for dark matter4.      Active Galaxies - Active Galactic Nuclei, Seyfert Galaxies, Quasars, BlazersPart V: Magnetic fields1.      Astrophysical phenomena where magnetic fields are critical2.      Galactic magnetic fields - dust and synchrotron polarization, Faraday rotation, Zeeman measurementsPart VI: Gravitational LensingPart VII: Clusters and Superclusters (optional)Part VIII: Cosmology (optional)- Cosmological Observations and the Cosmological Principle - Newtonian Cosmology and Cosmological Models- Cosmic Microwave Background 

Reference Books: 
  1. Fundamental Astronomy by H. Karttunen, P. Kröger, H. Oja, M. Poutanen, K. J. Donner
  2. Introduction to Modern Astrophysics by B. W. Carroll and D. A. Ostlie
  3. An invitation to Astrophysics by T. Padmanabhan
  4. Astrophysical Concepts by Martin Harwit
  5. Introductory Astronomy and Astrophysics by Zelike and Gregory
  6. Universe by Roger Freedman
  7. Physical Universe by F. Shu
  8. Astrophysics Processes by Hale Bradt
  9. Radiative processes in Astrophysics by Rybicki and Lightman
  10. An introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics by Pankaj Jain
  11. Quasars and Active Galactic Nuclei by Kembhavi and Narlikar
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