Although the advancements in science and technology has provided new hope and inspiration to the society, the progress of science is often limited by a range of factors. Never- the-less, science/academia also demands good understanding of societal needs, resource management and human resource development. The entire process is even more challenging for bio-medical research which needs continuous support but the outcome is mostly uncertain. Bio-medical research is also entangled by policies implemented at different levels by the government and institutions. “Science”, both as a process and profession is full of challenges. This one day seminar aims at deliberating different aspects which have become essential component of the biological research not only in India but all around the globe.